A Definitive Guide on The Basic Statistics Formula

Most of the students finding it difficult to learn statistics. But here are some basic statistics formula that can help the students to get started with statistics. But before we are going to learn these formulas. Let’s start with the introduction to statistics.

Statistics is one of the branches of mathematics that is used to study the analysis of the data. The methods of statistics are generated to examine the large data and their properties. Statistics formulas are used by several companies to calculate the report of the people or employees. In the upcoming paragraphs, we will discuss several statistical formulae that are used for different purposes.

What is statistics?

Statistics is the study of the analysis, presentation, collection, interpretation, and organization, analysis, and presentation of the large data. It can be defined as a function of the given data. That is why statistics are combined with classifying, presenting, collecting, and arranging the numerical information in some manner. It also facilitates to interpret several outcomes from it and forecast various possibilities for the upcoming applications. With the help of statistics, one can find several measures of central data and the deviations of dissimilar values from the main values.

The formula in statistics:

For all the statistical computations, the basic concept and formulas of mean, mode, standard deviation, median, and variance are the stepping stones. Therefore, we have provided all the details on basic statistics formula:

Average or Mean

Theoretically, it is the sum of the components of a set that is divided by the total number of components. You can easily understand the whole concept of calculating the mean. Thus, the formula of mean is:

Mean = (sum of all the given items) / total no. of items

The ability of the mean is used to show the overall dataset with a single value.


It is the central value of the overall dataset. But if a set has an odd number of values, then the central value of the set can be considered as the median. On the other side, if a particular set contains even no. of the sets, then the two central values can be used to calculate the as the median.

The median can be used to distinguish the data set into two different parts. To calculate the median, you have to arrange the components of the set in increasing order; only then you can find the median of the data. 

Median = (n+1)/2 ; where n is odd number


Median = [(n/2) term + ((n/2) + 1)] /2 ; where n is the even number

These are the basic statistics formula to calculate the median of the given data.


It is the value that is frequently used in a single dataset. Or we can say that mode is the summary of the dataset with a single data.

Mode = Frequently used data in a given set


It is used for calculating the deviation of a data set by its mean value. Therefore, it must be a positive value, and it is also used to measure the value of the standard deviation, which is considered as the essential concept of the statistics values.

Where is variance; x = given items; x bar = mean; and n = total no of itmes

Standard Deviation

It is the square root of the variance of the given information.

S =

Where S = Standard deviation and is the square root of the variance.

Examples of basic statistics formula

  • Mean: Find the mean of the data 1,2,3,4,5.

As Mean = (sum of all the given items) / total no. of items

Therefore, mean = (1+2+3+4+5)/5

15/5 =3

Hence, the mean = 3

  • Median: If n is an odd number:

Find the median of the data 10,20,30,40,50.

Then, the median can be calculated by writing the data set in ascending order, i.e.


Therefore, 30 is the median, as it is the central value of the data set.

Or Median = (n+1)/2 ;

Where n=5, therefore (5+1)/2 = 3,which means 3rd term is the median of the data set.

If n is even number

Find the median of the data 4,10,15,2.

Then, the median can be calculated by writing the data set in ascending order, i.e.


Now, the median is calculated by Median = [(n/2) term + ((n/2) + 1)] /2 ; therefore,

[(4/2) + (4/2)+1)]/2 = 2.5

Which means 2nd and 3rd term will be used for median i.e.

(4+10)/2 = 7. The median is 7.

  • Mode: Find the mode of the data 1,1,2,2,2,3,3,3,3,4,4.

As 3 is repeated 4 times; therefore, the mode of the data is 3.

  • VarianceFind the variance of the data 10,5,-6,3,12.

Therefore, the sigma (variance) can be calculated as [(10)^2 + (5)^2 + (-6)^2 + (3)^2 + (12)^2]/5

[100+25+36+9+144]/5 = 62.8

The variance is 62.8.

Standard deviation

In the above example, we have calculated the variance of the data. Now, using the value of the variance, we can calculate the standard deviation.

S = √ (variance)

S = (62.8)

= 7.92

Therefore, the standard deviation is 7.92.


This blog has relevant information on basic statistics formulas that can help you to understand the basic concept of statistics. As the statistics have different terminologies such as mean, median, mode, variance, and standard deviation, you can use the above-mentioned example to solve the problem of these statistical terms.

Even then, you face any difficulty regarding the statistics assignments help; then, you can connect our team or our customer executive support to get the help. We have a team of experts who can provide you instant help for your queries, and they are available to you 24*7 and deliver the plagiarism-free data before the deadlines along with the plagiarism-free report.

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