What Are The Key Elements of Research Paper Structure?

Writing a well-structured research paper is not everybody’s cup of tea. One may spend months or even years conducting one good research paper. Sometimes, it might become difficult even to start writing. Let alone thinking of the structure of the research paper. It is truly said that a good structured research paper is able to address a specific research question. It has the capacity to question the reader’s perspective and idea.

This article is authored with the view to make its viewers understand the importance of research structure and also give out tips on how to write the research paper structure.

What is the concept of research paper structure?

Research structure is mainly an outline of the work. The structure consists of a number of sub sections. We will learn about each in detail as you scroll down.

One is expected to provide the research structure towards the end of the introduction chapter in their dissertation. Most research papers have more or less the same structure.

It is important for the author to first make sure that the information/data is compiled and analysed. This step is crucial in order to get the paper structured properly. It is also helpful for better understanding of a particular topic. Providing clear definitions is one of the main aims of creating the structure of a research paper.

What are the subsections for writing a Research Paper Structure?

As discussed above, the key to a successful and impressive research paper is getting its structure right. The basic structure of a general research paper goes in the sequence of the title page, abstract, introduction, materials and methods, results, discussion of the same which is followed by the conclusion. References and acknowledgements are provided marking the end of the paper.

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Each subsection points out to a different objective for the main topic or the same point of interest. Below is a detailed description of each of the sub sections:

1. Title page

The title page allows the reader to identify the work just by reading the title. It is the very first page any reader will come across. The title page must include the name of the author, name of the course for which the research was performed, name of the instructor, date of completion and the page number. An individual must be able to understand the purpose of writing the research paper just by reading the title.

2. Abstract

The abstract of a research paper should be a short summary of the contents it includes. It should be less than 250 words. Usually, it includes the purpose of the study, significant results and its conclusion. Since the abstract contains small bits of information of the article, it is best to call it an overview of the paper. An article’s abstract will always be available to view online whether or not you have paid for its subscription.

3. Introduction

After the abstract comes the introduction to the research. The introduction gives the reader all the primary information he or she requires to understand the paper. It must explain the idea of the main topic. Explanation of the key terms, historical information and citation of other studies revolving around the topic must follow. The introduction should be able to indicate why research done in this particular article is different or how it is relevant to the discussion.

4. Materials and methods

The Materials and Methods in the research paper explain an individual how the study was conducted. Generally, it provides the reader with information like – sampling strategy used, instruments, data collection methods and analysis strategies. This part of information must be descriptive, precise and in detail.

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5. Results

Results of an article should give specific information on what the findings are, its value, with suitable data included. It must be presented in a straightforward and factual manner. Numerical figures, graphs and percentages should be included as well.

6. Discussion

Discussion of an article is also known as the ‘body’. Facts are focused in this section. It is considered the most difficult part to write. Discussion must be put before or after results. This section must be able to answer questions like: is the analysis matching with the calculated data, is the conclusion valid, does the discussion prove the required point? Discuss what the results show in this particular section.

7. Conclusion

The Conclusion tells one about the final thoughts of the author. It is a paraphrased version of the overall discussion in short. Containing an average of 100 to 200 words, it covers all the main keywords and points. It may repeat what is already noted in the discussion. It may also provide recommendations for future research.

8. References

The reference page allows the author to accept all the sources used for gathering information. The resource should be cited properly. Examples of citations can be found on the website online. Reference to any online source that the reader will have trouble finding or understanding should be avoided for use.

9. Acknowledgements

Acknowledgements are used to thank any persons or institutions that made the research possible. An individual can extend their gratitude towards the person or organization under this section for helping him/her get through the research paper within the stipulated time period and guiding them.

Also Read

Tips on how to improve your research paper structure:

1. Organize 

Thoughts should be organized and focused. Ask yourself what is the idea you want to convey to the reader. Is there a message hidden in the paper? Is more research required? These questions must be solved to help one to keep their focus on the goal. 

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2. Clarity

The paper must be as clear and simple as possible. The language should not be difficult to understand. Sentence structure must be short and simple. Along with that, it is very important that all the data and facts are accurately presented.

3. Title

The title and abstract are the first two sections of the paper that the reader will read. It depends on the reader to continue reading from here. Thus, it is crucial for both the title and abstract to be eye-catching and effective at the same time. It must be able to summarize the entire paper for the reader.

4. Keywords

keywords are used for the purpose of indexing. Indexing is the process of finding words easily online. Words that are specific and do not already exist in the title are ideal. Depending on the research paper, keywords that appear in the title must be often avoided.

5. Results

The results should be significant and easy to understand. Attracting readers and citations will be easier if the results are exciting enough to encourage them to elaborate on what the author has discovered. 

Conclusion on research paper structure

In conclusion, we have a clear insight as to what the research paper structure is. It is mainly described as the outline of the work. Research paper is written keeping nine sub sections in mind. Without each section, the paper tends to look incomplete. Each sub section offers a different objective for the main topic.

Most research papers usually follow the same structure. Here, we have also learned certain tips on how to improve your research paper structure. If you want to get the best research paper writing help then you get help in touch with our research paper helper.

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