Basic mathematical terms and basic mathematical operations go hand in hand. It means both terms and operations are necessary to understand the math problems.
If you do not have any idea regarding the mathematical terms, do not worry, as I have detailed all the necessary terms in this blog.
But before that, you all might know that there are four basic math operations that you need to solve a problem. And these operations are addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.
These concepts are applied to different factors, GCF, LCM, numbers, and other math terms. Therefore, it is important that you must know about all these operations along with the mathematical terms.
|Remember: Below is the diagram that defines the basic math operation keywords used in math problems. Try to remember these keywords to solve the problems more effectively.|
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A-Z sequential terms: What are the mathematical terms?
I have already mentioned that there are numerous basic mathematical terms that students must learn or keep on learning throughout their academic studies. But I have detailed the most helpful and most essential terms starting from A to Z.
|Algebra||It is the basic branch of maths that uses the method of substitution letters for numbers for solving unknown values.|
|Addend||The number that is involved within the additional problems. Or the number that is being added is known as an addend.|
|BEDMAS or PEMDAS||It tells the correct order or sequence of the operations to solve algebra equations. BEDMAS refers to “Brackets, Exponents, Division, Multiplication, Addition, and Subtraction.” At the same time, PEMDAS refers to “Parentheses, Exponents, Multiplication, Division, Addition, and Subtraction.|
|Binomial||The polynomial equation consisting of two terms joined by the minus or plus sign is known as binomial.|
|Constant||The value can not be changed throughout the experiment.|
|Coefficient||The number or the letter describes the numeric quantity joint to the term.|
|Decimal||The actual number with the base ten is considered as a decimal.|
|Digit||The number made up of 0-9 is called a digit, like a 3 digit number is 155.|
|Equation||The statement shows two expressions’ equality with an equal sign.|
|Expression||The symbol uses to show operations among the numbers or just the numbers.|
|Factor||The number which divides into two or more numbers exactly. As the factor of 8 is 1, 2, 4, 8.|
|Formula||The numerical relation among two or more variables describes using the formula.|
|Greatest Common Factor||The largest number that is common in each factor set or the number that can exactly divide both numbers. As GCF of 10 and 30 is 10.|
|Graph theory||It is the mathematical branch that focuses on the graph properties.|
|Hypotenuse||The right-angled triangle’s longest side is opposite the right angle.|
|Hexagon||The six-angled or six-sided polygon.|
|Identity||The equation, which is true for the variables with any of the values.|
|Isosceles||The polygon has two equal-length sides.|
|Juxtapose||It represents the expression’s multiplication by placing the factors parallelly. Moreover, a factor must have a variable. For instance 4n => 4 * n.|
|Jump||Jump is the move performed while practicing subtraction or addition – backward or forward respectively – over the number line.|
|Knot||A closed 3-D circle that can not be untangled.|
|Kilometer||The distance measuring unit is equal to 1000 meters.|
|Linear equation||It consists of two variables that you can plot on the graph as a straight line.|
|Logarithm (Log)||The power is used for raising the given number. If nx = a, here n as the base and a is the log. The log is the exponentiation’s opposite.|
|Mixed numbers||It refers to the whole numbers joined with decimal or fraction. For instance, 4 1/2 or 4.5.|
|Multiple||The product of the number with another whole number.|
|Natural numbers||All regular counting numbers.|
|Numerator||The top number of a given fraction.|
|Obtuse Angle||An angle that is calculated between 90° & 180°.|
|Outcome||Mostly called in probability for referring to the event’s result.|
|Probability||The event happening’ likelihood refers to probability.|
|Perpendicular||Perpendicular is the line segments or two lines intersecting to make a right angle.|
|Quadratic Equation||The equation is written on the one side of 0, like a + b = 0.|
|Quadrilateral||It is a four-sided polygon.|
|Range||The difference between the maximum and minimum dataset.|
|Rectangle||The parallelogram has four right angles.|
|Subtraction||The operation that performs to calculate the difference between two quantities or numbers by “taking away” a single number from another.|
|Symmetry||The two halves, which are perfectly matched across an axis.|
|Triangle||A three-sided polygon.|
|Term||A number in series or a sequence; a part of an algebraic equation; a multiplication of real numbers and variables.|
|Unit conversion||Changing any of the units of measurement into other units using division or multiplication.|
|Unit square||Or square unit; unit used to measure the two-dimensional shape’s area.|
|Volume||A container’s capacity is expressed in cubic units.|
|Variable||An alphabetic letter is used to describe a numerical value within expressions and equations.|
|Weight||The measurement of the things in terms of how heavy it is.|
|Whole Number||Positive integer also considers as the whole number.|
|X-Axis||The horizontal axis of the coordinate plane.|
|X||The Roman numeral represents the number 10.|
|Y-Axis||The vertical axis of the coordinate plane.|
|Yard||A measuring unit equal to 3 feet or 91.5 centimeters (approximately).|
|Zero-point||It is the same as origin.|
|Zero||It is a placeholder among the values of +1 and -1.|
What are some other basic mathematical terms as per their categories?
Apart from the above-mentioned terms, there are several other basic mathematical terms. I have categorized them into 5 different categories. Let’s find out which category includes which basic term.
Counting and cardinality terms
|Array||The set of objects or numbers in columns and rows.|
|Digit||The numeral terms are found in the numbers as single digital numbers (like 0, 5, 9) and multi-digit numbers (like 10, 15, 99).|
|Less than||The value is lower than other values.|
|Cardinal numbers (Cardinality)||It marks the quantity using the number words (like one, five, nine).|
|Greater than||The value is greater than other values.|
Operations and algebraic thinking terms
|Average (Mean)||The addition of numbers that are divided by the total number of observations.|
|Decompose||Separating the number from the sets of tens, hundreds, thousands, etc.|
|Even number||The number is divided by 2.|
|Integer||All the whole numbers are called integers, including zero.|
|Odd number||The number that does not divide by 2.|
Ratios and proportional relationships
|Frequency||The number of times an event can occur in the time.|
|Percent||It is part of 100. Percent is the fraction that has the 100 in its denominator.|
|Outliers||The data point, which differs from the rest of the data set’s behavior.|
|Ratio||It is the comparison of values between the two amounts.|
|Probability||It is the likelihood of the events that are happening. It is also called odds.|
|Circumference||It is the total distance around the circle.|
|Line||The straight path, which extends into two different directions and joining different points with the path.|
|Orientation||It is the position of the figure or shape.|
|Plane||The flat surface is joined with various points.|
|Quadrilateral||A four-sided figure with six faces.|
Measurement and data terms
|Area||The two-dimensional space that is taken within the shape.|
|Datapoint||It is the unit of data that is graphically represented.|
|Distance||It is the measurement of the space between two locations or objects.|
|Perimeter||The total distance around any shape like a circle, triangle, etc.|
|Volume||It is the measurement, which indicates how much the space of an object occupies.|
It is important to note that there are countless mathematical terms that students need to know. Above I have mentioned the most basic mathematical terms that each student must learn. Apart from these, the terms can be advanced, and their definition can vary from the graduate level to the Ph.D. level.
If you want to know about the advanced-level math terms, let me know through the comments. I will definitely provide you with the best guide to your query. Keep yourself updated with the best online help that is none other than “statanalytica.” Get the best math homework help 5th grade from the experts
Frequently Asked Questions
What are mathematical terms?
The term considers as a single mathematical expression. This expression consists of a single number (that may be negative or positive), a single variable (as an alphabetic letter), or multiple variables that are not subtracted or added.
What are the four rules of maths?
The four most basic rules of maths are sum, subtraction, multiplication, and division.
What is “as many as” in math?
The meaning of “As many” means the equivalent number. For instance: Thrice as many means three times as many.