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Mathematics

prove that regardless of which algorithm you use to find the median of 5 elements,

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES
ANSWER ALL QUESTIONS

Question (1): prove that regardless of which algorithm you use to find the median of 5 elements, we have to use at least 6 comparisons? comment ot question 1: Find lower bounds for the minimum number of comparisons needed to FIND THE MEDIAN of 5 elements. I mentioned that a lower bound of 5 should be easier than a lower bound of 6.

Question (2): Describe with two or three sentences (no code, no pictures, no long explanations) an algorithm that sorts 6 distinct numbers with 10 comparisons. Prove that no sorting algorithm that uses comparisons can perform this task in less than 10 comparisons.

Question (3): Describe with two or three sentences (no code, no pictures, no long explanations) an algorithm that sorts 7 distinct numbers with 13 comparisons. Prove that no sorting algorithm that uses comparisons can perform this task in less than 13 comparisons. Comments to Questions (2) and (3) You need the algorithm that sorts 5 elements with 7 comparisons, and then use at most 3 additional ones for the insertion of the 6th, for a total of 10. For (b) Use (a), and sort 6 elements with 10 comparisons; then insert the 7th with 3 more comparisons for a total of 13. No argument for the lower bounds. Hint: use decision trees.

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