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Software is: Instructions (computer programs) that when executed provided desired features, functions, and performance Data structures that enable the programs to adequately manipulate information

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES
ANSWER ALL QUESTIONS

Introduction to Software Engineering

Multiple choice

Please circle the best answer (a – d) to the following questions. (Note that where multiple answers are possible, the question will so stipulate.)

  1. Software is:
    1. Instructions (computer programs) that when executed provided desired features, functions, and performance
    2. Data structures that enable the programs to adequately manipulate information
    3. Descriptive information in both hard copy and virtual forms that describes the operation and use of programs
    4. All the above
  2. Software doesn’t wear out. But it does
    1. False True
  3. Legacy software systems were developed decade ago and have been continually modified to meet changes in business requirements and computing platforms. Why are legacy systems subject to such continuous change? (Circle all that )
    1. The software must be adapted to meet the needs of new computing environments or technology.
    2. The software must be enhanced to implement new business
    3. The software must be extended to make it interoperate with other more modern systems or databases.
    4. The software must be re-architected to make it viable within an evolving computing environment.
  4.                                                  Encompasses an infrastructure or ecosystem that enables any user, anywhere, to use a computing device to share computing resources on a broad
    1. Cloud computing Mobile apps
    2. Graphical user interfaces d. Software

 

  1.                                                  is the application of a systemic, disciplines, quantifiable approach to the development, operation, and maintenance of software
    1. Software engineering     Systems engineering
    2. Software architecture d.    Project management
  2. A/an focuses on a small, but well-defined objective (e.g., conducting a unit test) that produced a tangible
    1. process activity
    2. action d. task
  3. A/an is a collection of activities, actions, and tasks that are performed when some work product is being created.
    1. process activity
    2. action d. task
  4. A/an (e.g., architectural design) encompasses a set of tasks that produce a major work product (e.g., an architectural model).
    1. process activity
    2. action d. task
  5. A/an strives to achieve a broad objective (e.g., communication with stakeholders) and is applied regardless of the application domain, size of the project, complexity of the effort, or degree of rigor with which software engineering is
    1. process activity
    2. action d. task
  6.                                                  is when software process and umbrella activities are adapted to the specific need of an organization and project to which they are
    1. Tailoring      Configuration management
    2. Instantiation d. Process management
  7. A/an is a temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product or
    1. project activity
    2. procedure d. task

 

  1.                                                  is the application of knowledge, skills, tools, and techniques to project activities to meet project
    1. project management software development
    2. software architecture d. process management
  2. Implementation (i.e., Code and Unit Test) takes approximately what percentage of the effort in a typical software development project?
  3. 40-50%                                                          b.   30-40%
  4. 5-10% d.   15-20%
  5.                                                  is a quantitative analysis of project progress where the total hours to do the whole project are estimated and every task given an earned value based on its estimated percentage to the
    1. Resource allocation Budgeting
    2. Earned value management d. Risk assessment
  6. The is comprised of the cumulative to date actual cost of work performed plus the estimate to complete the remaining
    1. Budget at Completion (BAC)
    2. Schedule Performance Index (SPI)
    3. Estimate at Completion (EAC)
    4. Cost Performance Index (CPI)
  7. The is the effort planned for work tasks completed at a given
    1. Budgeted cost of work scheduled (BCWS)
    2. Budgeted cost of work performed (BCWP)
    3. Budget at Completion (BAC)
    4. Actual cost of work performed (ACWP)
  8. The is the effort planned for work tasks have been completed at a given
    1. Budgeted cost of work scheduled (BCWS)
    2. Budgeted cost of work performed (BCWP)
    3. Budget at Completion (BAC)
    4. Actual cost of work performed (ACWP)

 

  1. The is the effort planned for work tasks scheduled to be completed at a given
    1. Budgeted cost of work scheduled (BCWS)
    2. Budgeted cost of work performed (BCWP)
    3. Budget at Completion (BAC)
    4. Actual cost of work performed (ACWP)
  2. A/an is a potential problem in the execution of a project – it might occur, or it might
    1. milestone fault
    2. event d. risk
  3. Risks have the following characteristic(s)
    1. Uncertainty – a risk may or may not occur
    2. Loss – if the risk happens, unwanted consequences or losses will occur
    3. Both a and b
    4. None of the above
  1. A requirement must accurately describe the functionality to be
    1. False True
  2. It must be possible to implement each requirement within the known capabilities and limitations of the system and its
    1. False True
  3. A requirement may document an optional feature that the customer might
    1. False True
  4. The reader of a requirement statement should be able to draw multiple interpretations of
    1. False True
  5. You may or may not be able to devise tests or use other verification approaches, such as inspection or demonstration, to determine whether each requirement is properly
    1. False True

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