MATLAB vs Octave is the most crucial battle in the statistics industry. It is quite overwhelming for the statistics students to differentiate between them. Even some of the statistics students may not select either one between these two statistics language Here in this blog; I’ll clear all your doubts on the comparison between MATLAB vs Octave. Let’s get started with an overview of both of these languages.

### MATLAB

Matlab stands for the Matrix Laboratory. It is one of the most potent statistics programming languages in the world. It is used for technical computation, all because of its powerful performance. Like no other programming language in the world, it supports the imperative procedural and object-oriented programming language.

That’s why it is considered as the multi-paradigm programming language. If I talk about the history of Matlab, then it was invented by Cleve Moler. It is the property of Math Works. In other words, Matlab is commercially distributed by MathWorks. MATLAB has a vast potential, that is why it is widely used in different aspects of our life, i.e., math, and computation, algorithm development. Visualization, simulation, prototyping, and many more.

The primary intention behind the innovation of MATLAB was to have easy access to the matrix software. MATLAB was released in the year 1984 by MathWorks. The source code of the MATLAB is written in three different languages, i.e., C, C++, and Java.

You can use it in any operating system without any hassle. Like any other programming language, MATLAB also offers some of the features like control flow statements, functions, data structures, I/O, and most critical object-oriented features. MATLAB provides a variety of tools that helps users a lot while working on MATLAB. Support the excellent graphics for 2D and 3D data visualization.

### Octave

Octave is one of the most popular high-level programming languages. It is also known as GNU Octave. It is widely used for numerical computations. The reason is it helps to solve the linear and non-linear problems numerically. It is available in almost 19 languages; it means that most of the countries use it in their native languages.

If you’re looking to have the free alternative to MATLAB, then here is the best alternative to MATLAB is Octave. Octave is a mind-blowing programming language. It also has some features of structured programming language. It means that it also supports the C standard library functions. Apart from that, you can also use some calls and functions of the UNIX system in Octave. This is similar to that of Matlab which can easily provide **octave portable** programs to execute similar coding.

Octave is quite awesome because, like no other programming languages, it loads the modules dynamically. It makes Octave quite faster than other programming languages. It is also having the interpreter based on open GL graphics. That is quite handy for creating plots, graphs, and charts. It offers the best in class GUI for the end-users. **Octave** **GUI **is a Graphical User Interface that can be utilized for the high-level language GNU Octave. GNU gives** Octave commands **interfacing to solve nonlinear and linear numeric problems and to perform other mathematical analyses utilizing a language that is compatible with the programming of MATLAB.

Octave was developed by John W. Eaton. It was commercially released in the year 1980. It was also written in the three different programming languages i.e., C, C++, and Fortran. Most of the function performed in MATLAB is with the help of function calls or script.

Like other programming languages, it has full support for various data structures. Octave also has some great features that is complex numbers, powerful built-in math functions, and extensive function libraries and user-defined functions.

**Some of the common difference is described below in the tabular form**

Parameters | Matlab | Octave |

Meaning | Matlab is the abbreviation of Matrix Laboratory that is used for technical computing. | It is a programming language that is used for numerical computing. |

Coded as | It was programmed in C++, C and Java languages. | It was programmed in C++, C and Fortran programming languages. |

Syntax format | Example: for exponentiations: ^ | Example: for exponentiations: ^ or ** |

Website | www.Mathworks.com | www.GNU.org/software/octave |

Interfacing | It has better interfacing as compared to the other software. | This software interfacing is not as much as good as Matlab software. |

Command | “! String” used to call a call with string command. | “!” taken as the logical operator for Octave commands. |

Operators | It does not support any auto-increment and assignment operators. | It supports some auto-increment and assignment operators, such as i++, or ++i. |

Loading empty files | It allows loading any empty file. | It does not allow for loading any of the empty files. |

RAM requirement | It needs more RAM to process well. | It needs less RAM to process as compared to Matlab. |

Cost | It is available at a high cost. | It is available free of cost in beer and speech. |

**Details of the other major differences**

#### Operators

Matlab doesn’t have the support for auto-increment and assignment operators. On the other hand, Octave has the proper support for auto-increment and assignment operators like i++ and ++i.

#### RAM Usage

If you want to run Matlab on your machine, then you need to have more RAM as compared with to run Octave on the same computer.

#### Cost

MATLAB offers various packages for different needs. You can select either one as per your requirements. On the other hand, Octave is a free programming language. Anyone can use it without paying a single penny.

#### Ease of Use

MATLAB offers an extensive set of tools in the toolbox to perform various tasks in MATLAB. These tools are quite handy and ready to perform some special functions. On the other hand, Octave depends on the syntax to perform any task in Octave, which makes Octave quite slower than MATLAB.

#### Boolean Expression

When we compare boolean values in MATLAB, then Matlab provides the error in syntax format, i.e., it’s not the supported form. On the other hand, Octave responds to the boolean values by ans=0.

#### File Execution

MATLAB also supports the command line that is used to execute the file in the directory. On the other hand, Octave also supports the same thing, but if you are using an old version of Octave, then you may not find this facility.

#### Empty File Usage

While working on MATLAB, you can’t load the empty file. But if you are working with Octave, you can load the empty file without any hassle. It makes is quite better than Matlab.

#### Print Function

If you want to print on the screen using MATLAB, then you can only use fprintf. It is the command that used to print the result on the screen in Matlab. On the other hand, if you want to print the screen, then you can use both print and fprintf in Octave.

#### User Interface

MATLAB is a commercial product of MathsWorks, i.e., it is having the best in class user interface for programmers. On the other hand, in the earlier version of Octave there was a lack of user interface, but nowadays there Octave is continuously improving its user interface. Octave has the default interface after the 4.0 version.

#### Compiler

Matlab is having the best among the best compiler. It is known as the “Just-In-Time” compiler as the name suggests that this compiler is quite faster. It allows the acceleration of for-loops with certain restrictions. While using the compiler in MATLAB, you need to make sure that JIT should know the return type of all functions that you have called in the loops. The worst part of the JIT compiler is that you can’t include the user-defined function is the JIT optimized loops. On the other hand, Octave doesn’t have the JIT compiler. That makes Octave quite slower than Matlab. But to make your Octave program faster, you can vectorize your code or extend it using some other fast languages i.e., C, C++, etc.

#### Toolbox

Matlab is offering an extensive set of tools in its toolbox, which makes it quite easy to use and more robust than its competitors. On the other hand, Octave is not a commercial product. The community develops it, That’s why it’s toolboxes is not as powerful as the Matlab. But if you want to use a free alternative to Matlab. Then toolbox isn’t a massive issue for you.

#### Online Support

MATLAB is a licensed programming language. It means that you can find the best support for MATLAB. Matlab offers online support to the programmers as well as provides tutorials, documentation, examples, answers, blog, and community support. On the other hand, with Octave you can also find some support in the form of documentation and online community where you can solve all your issues with the help of fellow programmers.

### Conclusion

You might think that **which is better Matlab or Octave**, the answer to this is that **Octave** is quite **better** than **Matlab**. The reason is that it is free to use, and its programs also compatible with **MATLAB**. It also supports some other programming language to make it’s functionality quite faster.

It is quite easy to say that Octave is quite better than Octave. The reason is that it is free to use, and its programs also compatible with MATLAB. It also supports some other programming language to make it’s functionality quite faster.

But here is the fact, that restricts me to consider it best between MATLAB vs Octave is it is still lack of functionality as compared to MATLAB. On the other hand, MATLAB is quite powerful then Octave. If we talk about the learning curve of both of these languages, then MATLAB is still the best because it does not just have the full documentation.

Apart from that, it also offers tutorials for the newbie, community support, and customer support. Besides, if we compare Matlab vs Octave on the basis of Career aspects, then Matlab is still having a slight edge over Octave. Because Matlab is widely used in the current industry.

Thus it has an enormous career scope. But still, if you want to start with the free programming language, that is the best alternative to Matlab. Then you should go to Octave.

We can also help you with MATLAB assignment help and MATLAB homework help. We have the statistics experts who can provide you the best assignment help at nominal charges.

**What is MATLAB?**

Matlab stands for the Matrix Laboratory. It is one of the most potent statistics programming languages in the world. It is used for technical computation, all because of its powerful performance. Like no other programming language in the world, it supports the imperative procedural and object-oriented programming language.

**What is Octave?**

Octave is one of the most popular high-level programming languages. It is also known as GNU Octave. It is widely used for numerical computations. The reason is it helps to solve the linear and non-linear problems numerically. It is available in almost 19 languages; it means that most of the countries use it in their native languages.